‘unbearable’ burns will occur in Africa, and people will die from the heat

Without heat, ‘unbearable’ burns will occur in Africa, and people will die from the heat. Scientists say human activities such as burning fossil fuels have caused temperatures to rise 1.4 degrees Celsius above normal.

Many countries in the Sahel region and West Africa were affected by the severe heat wave that started in late March and lasted until April. strong. Heat played a role in many people being injured. A new analysis by a team of scientists has found that day and night warmth would not be possible on Earth without other activities such as the use of coal, oil and gas, and deforestation. In Mali and Burkina Faso, average temperatures are 1.5 degrees Celsius above normal, and night temperatures are 2 degrees Celsius above average. Temperatures across the region rose by 1.4 degrees Celsius in five days. said Gigma, a climate scientist at the Red Cross and Red Crescent Climate Center in Burkina Faso, Kiswendsida.

Although heat waves are rare in the region, scientists think that these waves will become more common due to climate warming. Scientists say that at 1.2 degrees Celsius, this new phenomenon will only occur once every 200 years in Mali. However, if the global temperature rises above 2 degrees Celsius, extreme temperatures will occur every 20 years. . A state of disaster was declared in neighboring Malawi, as well as Zambia and Zimbabwe, due to cholera outbreaks caused by water shortage.

They found that climate change did not have a significant impact in the region where rainfall was low in December and February. The increase in warm Pacific water has been linked to climate deterioration in many regions. As the world warms and droughts like this occur every decade, scientists have found that droughts are twice as likely to occur during El Niño years.

Researcher Joyce Kimutai from Imperial College London said: “Over the years, research has shown that many extreme weather events are caused by cloud mixing, wind shifts and El Niño.” The South African Drought appears to be a rare example of an El Niño-induced event.

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